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A jungle typically consists of many trees, although in later years-- Ahem, jungle music is a form of electronic music that is heavily influenced by reggae and hip-hop. The term "jungle" is mostly used to describe the listeners, producers or otherwise interested people. They are called "junglists".
It's also used by some to refer to gangsters that reside in an area of West Kingston, Jamaica. This area is an inner city section called Jungle. In this aspect however, the term "junglist" has developed to mean more along the lines of any hardened outlaw, in a sense. Okay, back to the music.
While jungle music shares many stylistic similarities to modern drum and bass (as a genre), there are a few key differences. For example, jungle will typically have a deeper, darker sound, while still directly drawing influences from hip-hop and reggae.
However, they do share important qualities as well. A few things it does share, is the fast tempo (although slightly slower for jungle), the focus on rhythm and percussion (stylistically more breakbeat for jungle), and the heavy use of syncopation (again, more so in jungle, because syncopation is a key element in breakbeat).
During the mid-1990s, jungle was at its most popular, getting hits into the UK Top 40 several times. However, a couple of years later, as more and more artists wanted to pull in a different direction, drum and bass (commonly abbreviated as D&B) would emerge as this "new" jungle, so to speak. These artists, however, weren't "new" jungle artists, they were drum and bass artists.
As of recent developments in the jungle industry, it has survived as a music style. Several new and emerging artists dedicated to jungle started showing up. While it may be underground, there are still nightclubs and social venues that pay tribute to the original style of jungle.
I usually won't put my personal speculations or beliefs into my writing, but since this is still an area of debate, I'll include my thoughts. I believe D&B and jungle were the same at one point, but D&B simply split off, and became a separate genre. Rather than either being a sub-genre, they are two pieces of each other. This conclusion draws from the fact that traditional jungle style music is still being produced and performed.
Average Beats Per Minute: 160-170
Where It Originated: United Kingdom (Specifically, Bristol and London)
Stylistically Similar To: Reggae, Hip-Hop, Breakbeat
Year Developed: Early 1990s
Below is an incomplete list of the many sub-genres that make up jungle (in alphabetical order). You are on the "General Jungle" page right now, clicking it will return you here.
General Jungle - Back to the overview of jungle.
Sub-genres - ...
You are at jungle music.
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